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Christine J. Kirchhoff

Associate Professor and Associate Director of Law, Policy, and Engineering
Associate Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering


  • School of Engineering Design and Innovation
  • Law, Policy, and Engineering
  • Civil and Environmental Engineering

213 Hammond Building


Research Areas:

Water Resources Engineering




  • BA, Art History, Trinity University, 1993
  • BS, Civil Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1998
  • MS, Environmental and Water Resources Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 2002
  • Other, Graduate Teaching, University of Michigan, 2010
  • Other, Science, Technology & Public Policy, University of Michigan, 2010
  • Ph.D., Natural Resources & Environment / Resource Policy & Behavior, University of Michigan, 2010


Journal Articles

  • L Miralha, R Muenich, D Scavia, K Wells, A Steiner, M Kalcic, A Apostel, Samantha Basile and Christine Kirchhoff, 2021, "Bias correction of climate model outputs influences watershed model nutrient load predictions.", Science of the Total Environment
  • Don Scavia, Y Wang, Dan Obenour, A Apostel, S Basile, M Kalcic, Christine Kirchhoff, L Miralha, R Muenich and A Steiner, 2021, "Quantifying uncertainty cascading from climate, watershed, and lake models in harmful algal bloom predictions", Science of the Total Environment
  • Chesney McOmber, Yan Zhuang, Rosa E Raudales, Timothy M Vadas and Christine Kirchhoff, 2021, "What is recycled water, anyway? Investigating greenhouse grower definitions, perceptions, and willingness to use recycled water", Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems
  • Guiling Wang, Christine Kirchhoff, Anji Seth, John Abatzoglou, Ben Livneh, David Pierce, Lori Fomenko and Tengyu Ding, 2020, "Projected Changes of Precipitation Characteristics Depend on Downscaling Method and Training Data: MACA versus LOCA the U.S. Northeast as an Example", Journal of Hydrometeorology
  • James C Arnott, Christine Kirchhoff, Ryan M Meyer, Alison M Meadow and Angela T Bednarek, 2020, "Sponsoring actionable science: What public science funders can do to advance sustainability and the social contract for science.", Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 43, pp. 38-44
  • Cristina Mullin, Christine Kirchhoff, Guiling Wang and Epapante Vlahos, 2020, "Future projections of water temperature and thermal stability in Connecticut reservoirs and possible implications for cyanobacteria.", Water Resources Research, 56, (11)
  • Maria Carmen Lemos, Nicole Klenk, Christine Kirchhoff, T Morrison, Scott Bremer, AP Fischer, MB Soares, R Torres and JM Olwoch, 2020, "Grand challenges for Climate Risk Management", Frontiers in Climate, 2
  • Maria Carmen Lemos, Kimberly S Wolske, Laura V Rasmussen, James C Arnott, Margaret Kalcic and Christine Kirchhoff, 2019, "The closer, the better? Untangling scientist-practitioner engagement, interaction, and knowledge use", Weather, Climate and Society
  • Christine Kirchhoff and Peter L Watson, 2019, "Are wastewater systems adapting to climate change?", Journal of the American Water Resources Association
  • Lucas Bair, Charles Yackulic, John Schmidt, Denielle Perry, Christine Kirchhoff, Karletta Chief and Benedict Colombi, 2019, "Incorporating social-ecological considerations into basin-wide responses to climate change in the Colorado River Basin", Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
  • Christine Kirchhoff, Julia Flagg, Yan Zhang and Berdakh Utemuratov, 2019, "Understanding and Improving Enforcement and Compliance with Drinking Water Standards", Water Resources Management
  • Christine Kirchhoff, Joseph J Barsugli, Gillian L Galford, Ambarish V Karmalkar, Kelly Lombardo, Mathew Barlow, Anji Seth, Guiling Wang and Austin Frank, 2019, "Climate assessments for local action", BAMS
  • Christine Kirchhoff, Joseph J Barsugli, Gillian L Galford, Ambarish V Karmalkar, Kelly Lombardo, Scott R Stephenson, Mathew Barlow, Anji Seth, Guiling Wang and Austin Frank, 2019, "Climate assessments for local action", Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100, (11), pp. 2147--2152
  • Margaret Kalcic, Rebecca Logsdon Muenich, Samantha Basile, Allison L Steiner, Christine Kirchhoff and Donald Scavia, 2019, "Climate change and nutrient loading: warming can counteract a wetter future", Environmental Science & Technology
  • Julia A Flagg and Christine Kirchhoff, 2018, "Context matters: Context-related drivers of and barriers to climate information use", Climate Risk Management, 20, pp. 1-10
  • Cristina Mullin and Christine Kirchhoff, 2018, "Marshalling Adaptive Capacities Within an Adaptive Management Framework to Enhance the Resiliency of Wastewater Systems", Journal of the American Water Resources Association, pp. 1-14
  • Laura VangRasmussen, Christine Kirchhoff and Maria Carmen Lemos, 2017, "Adaptation by Stealth: understanding climate information use across scales and decision spaces in water management in the United States", Climatic Change, 140, (3), pp. 451-465
  • Margaret Kalcic, Christine Kirchhoff, Nathan Bosch, Rebecca Muenich, Jacob Gardner and Donald Scavia, 2016, "Engaging Stakeholders to Define Feasible and Desirable Agricultural Conservation in Western Lake Erie Watersheds", Environmental Science & Technology, 50, (15), pp. 8135-8145
  • Christine Kirchhoff and Lisa Dilling, 2016, "The role of U.S. states in facilitating effective water governance under stress and change", 52, (4), pp. 2951–2964
  • Christine Kirchhoff, Francisco Lara-Valencia, Julie Brugger, Paula Mussetta and Nicolas Pineda-Pablos, 2016, "Towards joint consideration of adaptive capacity and water security: Lessons from the arid Americas", Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 21, pp. 22-28
  • Christine Kirchhoff, Rebecca Esselman and Daniel Brown, 2015, "Boundary Organizations to Boundary Chains: Prospects for Advancing Climate Science Application.", 9, pp. 20-29
  • Christine Kirchhoff, Maria Carmen Lemos and Scott Kalafatis, 2015, "Creating synergy with boundary chains: Can they improve usability of climate information?", 9, pp. 77-85
  • Christine Kirchhoff, Maria Carmen Lemos and Scott Kalafatis, 2015, "Narrowing the gap between climate science and adaptation action: the role of Boundary Chains", 9, pp. 1-5
  • Maria Carmen Lemos, Christine Kirchhoff, Scott Kalafatis, Donald Scavia and Richard B. Rood, 2014, "Moving Climate Information off the Shelf: Boundary Chains and the Role of RISAs as Adaptive Organizations", 6, pp. 273-285
  • Maria Carmen Lemos, Yuj-Jia Lo, Christine Kirchhoff and Tonya Haigh, 2014, "The role of crop advisors as climate information brokers among farmers in the US", 4-5, pp. 32-42
  • Christine Kirchhoff, Maria Carmen Lemos and Suraje Dessai, 2013, "Actionable knowledge for environmental decision making: Broadening the usability of climate science", 38, pp. 393-414
  • Christine Kirchhoff, 2013, "Understanding and enhancing climate information use in water management", 119, (2), pp. 495-509
  • Christine Kirchhoff, Maria Carmen Lemos and Nathan Engle, 2012, "What influences climate information use in water management? The role of boundary organizations and governance regimes in Brazil and the U.S.", Environmental Science & Policy, 26, pp. 6-18

Research Projects

Honors and Awards


Service to Penn State:

Service to External Organizations:




The School of Engineering Design and Innovation delivers effective engineering education and unrivaled research opportunities through active, collaborative, project-based, and professionally oriented classroom experiences. The school offers a variety of programs that partner faculty, students, and industry in the study of real-life engineering problems. Our programs teach students to solve real-life problems with innovative solutions. 

School of Engineering Design and Innovation

213 Hammond Building

The Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802

Phone: 814-865-2952